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Srimad Bhagavatam (Bhagavata Purana) :: Conto 9

The Dynasties of the Sons of Yayâti: the Appearance of Lord Krishna

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Srimad Bhagavatam » Conto 9   

 The Dynasties of the Sons of Yayâti: the Appearance of Lord Krishna

(1) S'rî S'uka said: 'Of Anu [the fourth son of Yayâti, see 9.17, 9.18 & 9.19] were there the three sons Sabhânara, Cakshu and Pareshnu. From Sabhânara was thereafter Kâlanara born and from him followed a son called Sriñjaya. (2) Of Janamejaya [after him] there was a son Mahâs'âla who had Mahâmanâ. Us'înara and Titikshu were the two sons of Mahâmanâ. (3-4) S'ibi, Vara, Krimi and Daksha were the four born from Us'înara. Vrishâdarbha, Sudhîra, Madra and the self-realized Kekaya were four sons born from S'ibi. Of Titikshu there was one called Rushadratha from whom was born Homa who begot Sutapâ. Bali was Sutapâ's son. (5) Headed by Anga, Vanga and Kalinga were Suhma, Pundra and Odra known as being born from Dîrghatama's semen in the wife of the great conqueror Bali. (6) It were their names that were given to the six states they created in the east [of India]. From Anga came Khalapâna into existence and from him appeared thereafter Diviratha. (7-10) From Dharmaratha, his son, was Citraratha born, celebrated as Romapâda. Romapâda had no children and thus delivered his friend Das'aratha, S'ântâ, his own daughter [to be adopted], who then married whith Rishyas'ringa [a hermit who lived in the forest, see also 8.13: 15-16]. But because the god [Indra] did not shower any rains was he, that son of a doe, drawn with the help of courtesans who dancing and singing with music bewildered him with embraces and worship. On behalf of the childless king established he [Rishyas'ringa] a marutvân [son-giving] sacrifice so that Das'aratha [as the father-in-law] was delivered a child [as well as the rain, see B.G. 3: 14]. And so did he [Romapâda], sonless, indeed achieve offspring; he got Caturanga who then had Prithulâksa for his son. (11) Brihadratha, Brihatkarmâ and Brihadbhânu were his sons. From the eldest [Brihadratha] was there Brihanmanâ and from him was there the one celebrated as Jayadratha. (12) Vijaya with him born from Sambhûti had thereafter Dhriti and from him took Dhritavrata his birth from whom Satkarmâ was born who had Adhiratha for his son. (13) He playing at the bank of the Ganges found in a basket the baby that was abandoned by Kuntî because it was born before she was married. Being sonless he adopted it as his son [Karna]. (14) O master of the universe, Vrishasena was Karna's son. Of Druhyu [Yayâti's third son] there was a son Babhru who next begot Setu. (15) Ârabdha born from him had Gândhâra and from him incarnated Dharma. He had Dhrita, and of Dhrita there was Durmada of whom the son Pracetâ had a hundred sons. (16) They as kings accepted the jurisdiction over the northern direction, the uncivilized areas of Mlecchades'a. Turvasu [Yayâti's second son] had the son Vahni and Vahni had next Bharga who begot Bhânumân. (17) Tribhânu, his son, had also one: the magnanimous Karandhama. His son was Maruta; he, sonless, adopted a Paurava [Dushmanta, see also 9.20: 7] as his son. (18-19) Dushmanta desirous for the throne, turned back to his clan [the Pûrus]. Of Yayâti's first son Yadu there was a dynasty, o best of the humans, that I'll now describe.

To hear about the Yadu dynasty is a thing highly pious that vanquishes all sinful reactions in human society. Anyone simply hearing it is freed from the aftermath of sin. (20-21) In this dynasty descended the Supreme Lord [Krishna], the Supersoul, looking just like a human being [see also S.B. 1.2: 11]. Of Yadu there were the four sons celebrated as Sahasrajit, Kroshthâ, Nala and Ripu, and from them had S'atajit, born from the first of them, as his sons then Mahâhaya, Renuhaya and Haihaya. (22) Dharma then became Haihaya's son and his son Netra was the father of Kunti [not Kuntî]. Sohañji became the son of Kunti and he begot Mahishmân who had Bhadrasenaka. (23) Durmada was born of Bhadrasena together with Dhanaka. Dhanaka fathered the sons Kritavîrya, Kritâgni, Kritavarmâ and Kritaujâ. (24) Of Kritavîrya there was Arjuna [Kârtavîryârjuna] who became emperor over the seven continents and obtained all the great qualities [the eight siddhis] of yoga from Lord Dattâtreya, an [ams'a] incarnation of the Supreme Personality [see also 9.15, 10.73 & 12.3]. (25) There was indeed none to find on this earth who could equal Kâritavîrya in his qualities of sacrifice, charity, austerity, yogi c achievement, education, strength and mercy. (26) For eighty-five thousand years was his strength without deterioration indeed to be factually inexhaustible and could the six forms of pleasure [to the senses and mind] be enjoyed in full remembrance and all opulence. (27) Of his thousand sons only five remained alive in the fight [with Paras'urâma]: Jayadhvaja, S'ûrasena, Vrishabha, Madhu and Ûrjita. (28) Jayadhvaja had Tâlajangha of whom then a hundred sons were born. They made up a kshatriya clan known as the Tâlajanghas that was destroyed thanks to the power [that Sagara] received from sage Aurva [see 9.8: 3-7]. (29) Of Tâlajangha's eldest son Vîtihotra, there was Madhu, who had a hundred sons of whom, the celebrated Vrishni was the eldest. From him there was the dynasty.

(30-31) O King, the Yâdava, Mâdhava and Vrishni dynasties [of Lord Krishna's ancestors] received their names from their leading personalities. Yadu's son Kroshthâ had a son with the name Vrijinavân. His son was Svâhita who next had Vishadgu of whom there was Citraratha from whom S'as'abindu took his birth, a great yogi who became a highly fortunate personality who, undefeated as an emperor, had all the fourteen kinds of great riches [*]. (32) S'as'abindu had ten thousand wives, and in them he so greatly famous begot ten thousand lakhs [**] of sons [and grandsons]. (33) From them we but know six as the foremost. Prithusravâ [one of them] had a son with the name Dharma. Us'anâ, his son performed a hundred as'vamedha sacrifices. (34) Of his son Rucaka there were five sons named Pûrujit, Rukma, Rukmeshu, Prithu and Jyâmagha. Please hear now about them. (35-36) Jyâmagha was, despite of the fact that he had no sons, afraid to accept another wife than his wife S'aibyâ. He then brought with him a sensual girl from the camp of an enemy clan upon which S'aibyâ seeing the girl sitting on her seat in the chariot very angry said to her husband: 'Who is this you have allowed to sit upon my seat on the chariot, you cheater?'

'She's your daughter-in-law' he then informed her upon which she smilingly said to her husband:

(37) 'I am sterile, I have no co-wife, how then can she be my daughter-in-law? What son could you put on this earth?'

'My Queen', [he replied,] 'This girl will be very suitable for him!'

(38) With the demigods and ancestors [as propitiated by Jyâmagha] accepting that statement got S'aibyâ pregnant and gave she in due course of time birth to a son. That son was the auspicious, well known Vidharba who later married the chaste girl that was accepted as the daughter-in-law'.

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SOURCE: Translation: Anand Aadhar Prabhu, http://bhagavata.org/

Production: the Filognostic Association of The Order of Time, with special thanks to Sakhya Devi Dasi for proofreading and correcting the manuscript. http://theorderoftime.com/info/guests-friends.html

The sourcetexts, illustrations and music to this translation one can find following the links from: http://bhagavata.org/