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Srimad Bhagavatam (Bhagavata Purana) :: Conto 1

How Parîkchit Received the Age of Kali

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Srimad Bhagavatam » Conto 1   

 How Parîkchit Received the Age of Kali

(1) Sûta said: "O learned ones, thereafterrnParîkchit, the great devotee, instructed by the twice-born ruled over thernearthrnwith all the qualities the astrologers, who predicted the future at therntime of his birth, thought he would have. (2) He married withrnIrâvatî, the daughter ofrnKingrnUttara, and begot four sons in her with Janamejaya as the first. (3)rnAt the Ganges he performed three horse sacrifices with proper rewardsrnfor Kripâcârya, whom he selected for his spiritual master,rnand the God-conscious who came into view with it. (4)rnOnce on a chastising campaign he, thernvaliant hero, by dint of his prowess managed tornrebuke thernmaster of Kali-yuga who was disguised as a king but lower than a s'ûdrarnwas hurting the legs of a cow and a bull."
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rn (5) S'aunaka inquired: "Why reprimanded he duringrnhisrncampaignrn the master of Kalirnwho was dressed up as a king but as someone lower than a s'ûdrarn was striking the legs of a cow? Please o fortunate one describernall this to us, viz. as far as it relates to the topics of Krishna. (6)rnBecause for what reason would thernonesrnofrnliberationrnwhornrelishrnthernhoneyrnatrnHisrnlotusrnfeet,rn wasterntheir life with endless illusoryrndiscussions? (7) O Sûta, in this world ofrnmortal human beings whose lifespan is but short, for the salvation ofrnthose among themrnwho desire eternal life is called for the presence of the Lord ofrnDeath,rnYamârâja who rules over the propitiatory sacrifice [ofrnanimalrnflesh]. (8)rnNo one will die [so one is convinced] as long as he who rules overrndeath has his place here. For that reason he as the [representativernof  the] great lord has been invited by the sages. Let [therefore]rnthe onesrnwho fall under his grip drink rnfrom rnthernnectarrnofrnthernnarrationsrnaboutrntherndivinernpastimesrnofrnthernLord. (9)rnIsn't it so that those who are lazy, of a trivial interest andrnshort-lived, pass theirrndays and nights with aimless activities and sleeping?"
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(10) Sûta said: "When Parîkchit, residing in the Kururncapital, heard that the signs of Kali-yuga had entered the domain ofrnhis jurisdiction, he thought the news wasn't very palatable andrntherefore took, in his responsibility of maintaining authority byrnmilitary means, up his bow and arrows. (11)rnWell decorated under the protection of thernlion in his flag and with black horses pulling his chariot, he left therncapital accompanied by charioteers, cavalry, elephants and infantryrntroops to assure himself of a victory. (12)rnBhadrâs'va, Ketumâla, Bhârata, the northern countriesrnof Kuru and Kimpurusha behind the Himalayas were the lands on earth hernconquered, maintaining his authority by exacting tribute. (13-15)rnEverywhere he went he continuously heardrnwhat great souls his forefathers were and found also indications of thernglorious acts of Lord Krishna among the people he met. He heard as wellrnabout his own deliverance from the powerful rays of the weapon ofrnAs'vatthâmâ and about the devotion for Lord Kes'ava rn[Krishna as the killer of the demon Kes'î, the madrnhorse] among the descendants ofrnVrishni and Parthâ. Extremely pleased he with eyes wide open ofrnjoy, rewarded the peoplernmagnanimously with clothes, necklaces and other riches. (16) Servingrnasrnarnchariotrndriver,rnpresidingrnin assemblies, acting as a servant,rnbeing a friend and a messenger and keeping the watch at night the Onernof Vishnu, who was universally obeyed Himself [Krishna], had acted withrnprayers and obeisances in relation to the God-fearing sons ofrnPându. This filled the king with devotion for His lotus feet.
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(17) Thus absorbed in thoughtsrnabout the good qualities of his forefathers he in his everydayrnactivities kept himself close torntheir example. Now hear from me about a most peculiar incident thatrntook place not far away from where he was. (18)rnThe personality of religion who stood on onernleg only [the so-called 'bull' of dharma whose legs stand for the fourrnfundamental human values] wandering around met with the aggrieved cowrn[mother Earth] who had tears in her eyes like a mother who has lost herrnchild. (19) Dharma said: 'Madam, are you hale andrnhearty? Looking aggrieved with a gloomy face you appear to be affectedrnby a disease or to be preoccupied with a relative far away from you, ornmother. (20) Are you lamenting about the diminishing of three of myrnlegsrnas I am standing on one leg only, or is it because the meat-eaters wantrnto exploit your body? Or is it because the enlightened ones and suchrnare bereft of their share of the sacrifice due to a lack of ceremoniesrnor because the living beings increasingly suffer from scarcity, faminernand drought? (21) Arernyou grieving about the unhappy women and children on earth who miss thernprotection of their husbands and fathers or are you sorry about the wayrnone in the families of thernlearned speaksrnagainst the principles of the goddess [of learning]? Or do you lamentrnthe fact that most of them act against the brahminical culture  inrntaking shelter of the ruling class? (22) Is itrnbecause the descendants ofrnthe noble class under the influence of Kali-yuga appear to have lostrntheir minds and left and right have messed up the affairs of the state?rnOr is it because of the wonts that have developed in society to take one's food and drink and how one sleeps, bathesrnandrnhas intercourse? (23) Couldrnit be, o mother Earth, that you are thinking of the salvation broughtrnby the activities of the incarnation of the Lord who diminished yourrnheavy load but is now out of sight?rn (24) Pleaserninformrnme,rnornreservoirrnofrnallrnriches,rnaboutrnthernreasonrnofrnyourrnsadnessrnthatrnreducedrnyourntornsuchrnarnweakness.rnOrrnhasrnornmother,rnpowerfulrnTimernstolenrnawayrnfromrnyourntherngoodrnfortunernthatrnwasrnevenrnextolledrnbyrnthernenlightenedrnsouls?'rn


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rn (25) Mother Earth replied: 'O Dharma, I will do myrnbest to answer all the questions you asked me, for you are with yourrnfour legs [the vidhi] present in all the worlds to bringrnhappiness. (26-30)rnTruthfulness, cleanliness, compassion, self-control, magnanimity,rncontentment, straightforwardness, concentration, sense-control,rnresponsibility, equality, tolerance, equanimity and loyalty. Andrncertainly also knowledge, detachment, leadership, chivalry, influence,rnpower, dutifulness, independence, dexterity, beauty, serenity andrnkindheartedness, as well as ingenuity, gentility, mannerliness,rndetermination, knowledgeability, propriety, pleasantness, joyfulness,rnimmovability, faithfulness, fame and dignity - all these and manyrnothers are the everlasting qualities of the Supreme Lord, the neverrndiminishing higher nature which can be attained by those who are worthyrnof that greatness. Thanks to Him I myself am, just as the Goddess ofrnFortune, such a reservoir of qualities, but in the absence of Him whornis the pivot, Kali, the source of all sins, is seen in all worlds. (31) I amrnlamenting for me as well as for you, for the best of the enlightened,rnthe gods and the ancestors in heaven, the sages and the devotees, asrnwell as for all people in their status orientations in society. (32-33) Lakshmîrn[thernGoddessrnofrnFortune]rnwhoserngracernwasrnsoughtrnbyrndemigodsrnlikernLordrnBrahmârnandrnforrnwhomrntherngodsrnsornoftenrnwererndoingrnpenancerninrnsurrenderrntornthernLord,rnhasrnforrnthernsakernofrnworshiprnforsakenrnherrnownrnaboderninrnthernforestrnofrnlotusrnflowersrnoutrnofrnattachmentrntornthernall-blissful feet. Asrna consequence of what He did I, who on my skin experienced thernimpressions of the footprints of the Supreme Lord, the proprietor ofrnallrnopulence, succeeded magnanimously to be victorious in all the worlds,rndecorated as I was with the special powers of the lotus flower,rnthunderbolt, flag and driving rod that I myself had obtained. But in the end, just whenrnI was feeling so fortunate, He has left me. (34) He whornrelieved me of the burden of the hundreds of military divisions ofrnatheist kings, incarnated also for you in the Yadu family, and that Herndid because you lacking in strength had difficulty to keeprnstanding. (35) Who, I askrnyou,  can tolerate it to be separated from the love, glances,rnsmiles and hearty appeal of the Supreme Original Person who conqueredrnthe passionate wrath and gravity of women like Satyabhâmârnand made my hair [my grasses] stand on end out of the pleasure of beingrnimprinted by His feet?'
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(36) While the earth and the personality ofrnreligion were thus conversing, Parîkchit, who was renown forrnbeing the saint among the kings, arrived at the Sarasvatî riverrnthat was flowing to the east."

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SOURCE: Translation: Anand Aadhar Prabhu, http://bhagavata.org/

Production: the Filognostic Association of The Order of Time, with special thanks to Sakhya Devi Dasi for proofreading and correcting the manuscript. http://theorderoftime.com/info/guests-friends.html

The sourcetexts, illustrations and music to this translation one can find following the links from: http://bhagavata.org/