Home | Bhagavatam Mahabharatam |

Srimad Bhagavatam (Bhagavata Purana) :: Conto 9

King Ambarisha Offended by Sage Durvasa

Srimad Bhagavatam, Bhagavata Purana, Bhagavatam Stories, Bhagavatam PDF, Bhagavatam Download, Bhagavatam Videos, Bhagavatam in Telugu, Bhagavatam in English, Bhagavatam Slokas, Srimad Bhagavatam Audio
Srimad Bhagavatam » Conto 9   

 King Ambarisha Offended by Sage Durvasa

(1) S'rî S'uka said: 'Nâbhâga, the learned youngest son of Nâbhaga [see 9.1: 11-12, not the uncle also called Nriga nor the Nâbhâga of Dishtha, see: 9.2: 23] returning from a celibate life received [as his share] the father when the elder brothers divided the property [among themselves].

(2) 'O, my brothers' [he said] 'What have you reserved for me as my share?'

'We allot you our father as yours' [they answered].

[To his father he then said:] 'O father, my elder brothers have not given me my share!'

[The father thereupon replied:] 'My son, take no heed of that! (3) All these so very intelligent descendants of Angirâ [see 6.6: 19] are today performing a sacrifice but every sixth day after having such a day, o learned one, will they fall in ignorance because of their karma. (4-5) You yourself, recite for those great souls, two vedic hymns relating to the God of the Universe so that they, after resuming their own course, will deliver you the wealth of what remains of the sacrifice of their own property; therefore go to them.'

He then did what his father had told him to and so gave they him the remnants of the yajña before they returned to their own heavenly places. (6) As he was accepting in the riches said some black-looking person who had arrived from the north to him: 'All these riches remaining from the sacrifice are mine!'

(7) [He replied:] 'They're all mine, the sages have handed them over to me!'

[The black man said:] 'Let us to this head for the son of Manu, your father and ask him', and so inquired he with his father as was proposed.

(8) [Father Nâbhaga said:] 'Everything that belongs to the sacrificial arena, and what remains sometimes is by the sages set apart as a share for Lord S'iva; he is the demigod deserving it all.'

(9) Nâbhâga offered him [S'iva] his obeisances and said: 'As my father said: it's yours, o Lord, and so is for sure all that belongs to the sacrificial arena, o you of Brahmâ [see: 3.12: 6-14], let me bow my head before you, I beg your pardon.'

(10) [Lord S'iva said:] 'All that your father said is true and also is what you are saying the truth; let me, the knower of the mantras, grant you the spiritual knowledge that is transcendental and eternal. (11) Please take all the riches; I give you all that has been offered to me', and having spoken thus, vanished Rudra, the great lord and guardian of the dharma. (12) Anyone who in the morning and in the evening with great attention remembers this becomes learned: like a self-realized soul will he be a knower of the mantras and the destination. (13) From Nâbhâga was the most exalted and highly celebrated devotee Ambarîsha born; a curse of a brahmin against him failed: it could never ever touch him.'

(14) The king said: 'O lordship, I would like to hear about him, that king who was such a sober personality that the so insurmountable power of a brahmin's measure had no effect on him.'

(15-16) S'rî S'uka said: 'Ambarîsha, the man of great fortune, meant that, after achieving on this earth consisting of the seven continents an unlimited opulence, that all that is so rarely obtained by many a ruler is as the riches imagined in a dream: coming to one's senses it is all gone; it is the reason because of which a man lands in ignorance. (17) Unto Vâsudeva, the Supreme Personality, unto the devotees as also unto the saints was he as someone who has achieved the reverence and devotion in the transcendental because of which one takes the entirety of this universe for something as insignificant as a piece of stone. (18-20) He was sure to fix his mind upon the lotusfeet of Krishna, his words upon the description of the qualities of Vaikunthha, his hands to things like cleaning the Lord His temple and to engage his ears in the Infallible. Hearing the transcendental talks, using his eyes to see the deities, the temples and buildings of Mukunda, being physically in touch with the bodies of the devotees, smelling the fragrance of the tulsî leaves at the lotus flower of His feet, to have on his tongue the food offered to Him, to walk his legs to the Lord's holy places, to bow his head to the feet of Hrishîkes'a, to set his desires more to being a servant than to sense gratification, was he as that one man [Prahlâda] who seeks his refuge with the Lord Glorified in the Scriptures. (21) Thus in his prescribed duties always of sacrifice unto the Transcendence, the Original One of the Sacrifice, the Supreme Lordship and Him Beyond the Senses, exercised he all the different forms of love for the True One of the Soul and ruled he, directed by the Lord His faithful ones of learning, this planet earth in the past [see also 5.18: 12 and B.G. 5: 29]. (22) In horse sacrifices executed by brahmins like Vasishthha, Asita and Gautama, worshiped he, everywhere the Sarasvatî river flowed through the desert countries, the Lord of Sacrifice, the Supreme Controller, with great opulence and all the prescribed paraphernalia and remuneration. (23) The loyals of penance and experts who as the participants in the sacrifice were the priests to perform for him the offerings, were, dressed up the finest, seen as the unblinking demigods. (24) The heavenly existence so dear to even the demigods, was not a thing desired by his citizens who were accustomed to hear and chant the glories of Uttamas'loka, the Lord hailed in the Verses. (25) Because such aspirations are not conducive to the happiness of those who are happy in their constitutional position of rendering service, are the persons who are used to having Mukunda thus in their hearts, rarely after the perfections of the great [see siddhis]. (26-27) He, the king, of bhakti-yoga and at the same time of austerity, in his constitutional activities unto the Lord satisfying all sorts of desires, this way gradually gave it up to have his mind fixed upon the untrue that one finds in one's home, the wife, in children, in friends and relatives, a good elephant, a nice chariot, fine horses and in durable goods like jewels, ornaments, an outfit and such and a never empty treasury. (28) Pleased with his unalloyed devotional service gave the Lord him for the protection of the devotees His cakra that is so intimidating to the ones opposed [see also 7.9: 43 and B.G. 9: 31]. (29) Aspiring to worship Krishna together with his equally qualified queen, accepted the king the vow of dvâdas'î [fasting on certain lunar days] for a whole year. (30) Once at the Yamunâ, at the end of his vow, observed he in the month Kârtika [Oct. - Nov.] for three nights a full fast after which he took a bath and worshiped the Lord in Madhuvana [a part of the Vrindâvana area]. (31-32) According the rules of bathing the deity bathing it [mahâbhisheka] with all paraphernalia for the honoring - nice clothing and ornaments, fragrant flower garlands and other means of worship - performed he the pûjâ with a mind filled with divine love in bhakti unto the greatly fortunate of Kes'ava and the brahmins, to the peace of whom he equally became peaceful. (33-35) The brahmins, the learned who had arrived at his place fed he, whith the twice-born first, sumptuously with the most heavenly, delicious food after having donated sixty crores nicely decorated, young and beautiful cows with gold covered horns and silver plated hooves, full udders and extra calves next to them. When he to the full of their satisfaction and with their permission was about to observe the concluding ceremony were they all of a sudden confronted with a unexpected visit of the mighty sage Durvâsâ. (36) Even though he came there uninvited showed the king him his respect by standing up and offering him a seat, and asked he him with all regards fallen at his feet whether he would like to eat something. (37) He gladly accepted that request and next went, in order to perform the necessary rituals, to the Yamunâ to dip into the auspicious water and meditate on the Supreme Brahmân. (38) That, with less than an hour left before the ending of the dvâdas'î fast that was observed, made the king together with the twice-born wonder what now would be the appropriate notion of dharma in the precarious situation he had ran into: (39-40) 'Failing to respect the brahmin sage is an offense as well as not to break with the fast of dvâdas'î at the right time; what now is the best thing to do, what would be irreligious and what not? So let me touch water only so that I correctly may conclude the vow, because, o learned ones, the act of drinking water is considered to be indeed as well eating as not eating.'

(41) The great king, after thus drinking water, awaited the return of the brahmin mystic with his mind put to the Infallible One, o best of the Kurus. (42) When Durvâsâ had finished the rituals at the bank of the Yamunâ and returned, was he well received by the king but from his insight he managed to figure out what had taken place. (43) Incensed trembling all over, with his face tightened and frowning, addressed he hungry for action the perpetrator standing there with folded hands. (44) 'Alas, this one here, this 'love of all', has mad of his opulence, for everyone to see, transgressed the dharma; not a devotee of Vishnu at all, he thinks he is the Controller Himself! (45) This man has towards me, unexpectantly arriving here, after welcoming me as his guest, taken food without sharing it with me: I'll show you here and now what the repercussion is.'

(46) Speaking thus pulled he, red of anger, a bunch of hair out of his head and created he from it a demon that appeared like the fire at the end of time. (47) As the demon came at him with a trident blazing with fire in his hand and a footstep that made the earth tremble, did the king, seeing him clearly, not move an inch from the spot [compare 6.17: 28]. (48) The way it by the Original Person of the Supersoul was arranged for the protection of His devotees burned the cakra [that Ambarîsha had received, see verse 28] like fire that angry serpent of a created demon to ashes [see also B.G. 18: 66]. (49) Seeing how the disc moved at him and how his own attempt had failed, began Durvâsâ to run in great fear wherever he could go to save his life. (50) As a snake pursued by a forest fire blazing high with flames ran the muni, seeing how the disc, that wheel from the Lord His chariot, burned his back, quickly to mount Meru to enter a cave there. (51) But, fleeing in each direction, in the sky, on the earth's surface, in caves, in the seas, in all places hiding with all rulers of the three worlds - wheresoever he went, saw Durvâsâ the acute of His presence [Sudars'ana cakra] that was so frightening. (52) Without the shelter of a protector was he everywhere, with a constant fear in his heart, looking for someone who could give him protection. At last he approached Lord Brahmâ: 'O my Lord, o Selfborn One, save me from the fire released at me by the Invincible One.'

(53-54) Lord Brahmâ said: 'With a flick of His eyebrows will the place where I am, my residence, along with this entire universe at the end of the Supreme Lord His pastimes, upon the desire of Him in the form of time to burn it at the end of one day of my life [a dvi-parârdha, see 3.11: 33], be vanquished indeed. I, Lord S'iva, Daksha, Bhrigu and others under their lead, the rulers of man, the living beings and the demigods - we and all lead by us, who are bowing our heads for the good of all living beings surrendered to the principles regulating our lives, do carry out His orders.'

(55) Turned down by Lord Brahmâ went Durvâsâ, scorched by the cakra, for his shelter to him who always resides on Kailâsa [Lord S'iva]. (56) S'rî Sankara said: 'We in relation to the Supreme One lack in power, my dear - with us rotating in Him, the Transcendence, can [I and] the other living beings up to the Unborn One, Lord Brahmâ and not even the universes, arrive at such a power; indeed can we nor any of the thousands and millions of our worlds evolve to that degree. (57-59) I, Sanat and the other Kumâras, Nârada, the great Lord Unborn, Kapila, Vyâsadeva, Devala [the great sage], Yamarâja, Âsuri [the saint] and Marîci, and the others all-perfect in knowledge headed by them, have met the limits of all there is to know, but none of us can fully comprehend His illusory energy and that which is covered by it. The Controller of the Universe His weapon [the cakra] is indeed even for us difficult to handle and therefore should you seek your refuge with the Lord who will not fail you in His auspiciousness.'

(60) Disappointed went Durvâsâ thereafter to the Supreme Lord His place known as Vaikunthha where He as S'rînivâsa, the Master of the Abode, perpetually resides with the goddess of fortune. (61) Scorched by the fire of the invincible weapon fell he down at His lotus feet trembling all over and said he: 'O Infallible and Unlimited One, o Desire of the Saintly, o Master give me, this great offender, protection, o Well-wisher of the Entire Universe! (62) Not knowing of Your inconceivable prowess have I committed a great offense at the feet of the ones dear to Your Lordship; please be so kind to do whatever is needed to counteract an offense like this o Vidhâta, Lord of Regulation, by whose name, when awakened, even a person destined for hell can be delivered.'

(63) The Supreme Lord said: 'Precisely o twice-born one, I am not self-willed, I indeed am fully committed to My bhaktas; it is because they are devotees that My heart is controlled by the saintly and by those who hold those bhaktas dear. (64) I as their ultimate destination am, without My saintly devotees, not for the blissful essence or the Supreme of My opulences [see om pûrnam]. (65) Their wife, house, children, relatives, their very lives and wealth - if they unto Me for the Transcendence gave up on all these in their taking shelter, then how can I be after those things and let them down? (66) The way a chaste woman controls a gentle husband, do the saintly, pure and equalminded [see also 7.9: 43], in their hearts firmly attached to Me, in settling for their devotional service, have Me under control. (67) In My service do they automatically achieve the four types of liberation and hanker they, simply being of service, not for the complete [the pûrnam] so that there is no question of other things: in the course of time have they been overcome. (68) The saintly are always in My heart and I am verily always in theirs; they know nothing apart from Me and I do not have the least interest apart from them [see also B.G 9: 29]. (69) Let Me tell you how to protect yourself with this, o learned one, just listen to what I say: with this action of yours have you become your own enemy; now waste no time and forthwith go to him [Ambarîsha] because of whom this happened - you see: the power applied against the devotee is harmful to the one who employs it. (70) Penance and knowledge are the two causes for the upliftment of the learned ones, but practiced by an obstinate person lead they to the exact opposite. (71) O brahmin, go therefore to the king, the son of Nâbhâga, to satisfy him, that great personality - then will there be peace.'

Next: Durvasa Saved: the Cakra-prayers of Ambarisha »   

SOURCE: Translation: Anand Aadhar Prabhu, http://bhagavata.org/

Production: the Filognostic Association of The Order of Time, with special thanks to Sakhya Devi Dasi for proofreading and correcting the manuscript. http://theorderoftime.com/info/guests-friends.html

The sourcetexts, illustrations and music to this translation one can find following the links from: http://bhagavata.org/