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Srimad Bhagavatam (Bhagavata Purana) :: Conto 9

The Descendants of Ajamîdha: the Pândavas and Kauravas

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Srimad Bhagavatam » Conto 9   

 The Descendants of Ajamîdha: the Pândavas and Kauravas

(1) S'rî S'uka said: 'From Divodâsa was Mitrâyu born and his sons, o protector of man, were Cyavana, Sudâsa, Sahadeva and Somaka. Somaka next was the father of Jantu. (2) Of him there were a hundred sons, and the youngest of them was Prishata. From him was Drupada born who was opulent in every way. (3) From Drupada was Draupadî [the wife of the Pândavas] born. His sons were led by Dhrishthadyumna of whom there was Dhrishthaketu. All these descendants of Bharmyâs'va [9.21: 31-33] are known as the Pâñcâlakas.

(4-5) Riksha was another son born from Ajamîdha. He begot in his wife Tapatî, the daughter of the sun-god, Samvarana of whom Kuru was born [see family-tree], the king of Kurukshetra. Parîkshi, Sudhanu, Jahnu and Nishadha were Kuru's sons. From Sudhanu was Suhotra born and from him took Cyavana birth of whom there was Kritî. (6) From him there was Uparicara Vasu and his sons headed by Brihadratha were Kus'âmba, Matsya, Pratyagra and Cedipa and others. They all became rulers of the state of Cedi. (7) From Brihadratha was Kus'âgra born. From his son Rishabha was Satyahita born who as his offspring had Pushpavân whose son was Jahu. (8) Brihadratha begot with a second wife he had a son in two halves who, because of the mother rejecting them, by Jarâ [the daughter of Time, see also 4.27: 19] playfully were united saying: 'Come alive, come alive', so that a son called Jarâsandha ['Jarâ's hermaphrodite'] was born [that later became a vital enemy of Lord Krishna]. (9) From him was then Sahadeva born of whose son Somâpi there was S'rutas'ravâ. Parîkshi [another son of Kuru] had no children while of Jahnu one was born named Suratha. (10) From him there was Vidûratha of whom Sârvabhauma was born. He had Jayasena and from his son Râdhika was Ayutâyu born. (11) From him then there was Akrodhana who had a son named Devâtithi of whom Riksha was born who had a son called Dilîpa and because of him there was the son Pratîpa. (12-13) From him were born the sons Devâpi, S'ântanu and Bâhlîka. It was Devâpi the eldest who rejected his father's realm and left for the forest so that S'ântanu became the king. He a life before had been the celebrated Mahâbhisha; whomever he touched with his hands attained youth however old that person would be. (14-15) Because one indeed primarily by the touch of his hands could receive the youth of pleasure was he known as S'ântanu. When Indra, the might of the heavens, for twelve years had not sent down rain in his kingdom was S'ântanu, who at fault as an usurper [parivetta] was enjoying the kingdom of his elder brother, by his brahmins advised: 'Give immediately, for the elevation of your stronghold and kingdom, the realm back to your elder brother.'

(16-17) Thus advised by the twice-born asked he Devâpi to take charge of the kingdom but from what he replied became clear that he had fallen from the principles. That had happened because in the past instigated by S'ântanu's minister the brahmins had prompted him with words in offense with the Vedas. When that was said showered [with S'ântanu accepting the realm] the demigod the rains. Devâpi later on sought his refuge in the village of Kalâpa taking up the practice of yoga [in which he is still engaged today]. (18-19) When the Soma dynasty in Kali-yuga has disappeared, will it [by him] at the beginning of the next one, Satya-yuga, be reestablished. Bâhlika [S'ântanu's brother] begot Somadatta and from him there were Bhûri, Bhûris'ravâ and next the son S'ala. S'ântanu begot in his wife Gangâ the selfrealized great devotee and scholar Bhîshma [see also 1.9], the best of all defenders of the dharma. (20) By him, the best of all warriors, was even Paras'urâma to his own satisfaction defeated in a fight [*]. By S'ântanu was from the womb of [Satyavatî] the daughter of Dâsa [a fisherman **] brought about the son Citrângada. (21-24) Vicitravîrya his elder brother Citrângada was by a Gandharva carrying the same name killed. By the sage Parâs'ara incarnated from her [Satyavatî, previous to her marriage to S'ântanu] directly an expansion of the Lord who was a great muni protecting the Vedas: Krishna Dvaipâyana from whom I was born to study this [Bhâgavatam] thoroughly. Vyâsadeva, the [partial] incarnation of the Lord, rejected his pupils Paila and others while he unto me, I as his son far removed from sense gratification, was of instruction with the most confidential of this supreme literature. Vicitravîrya later on married the two daughters of Kâs'îrâja who by force were brought from the arena of selection, but because he was too attached in his heart to the both of Ambikâ and Ambâlikâ died he of an infection with tuberculosis. (25) Therein of the brother having no offspring begot Vyâsadeva commissioned [in devarena sutotpatti, see footnote 9.6] by the mother [Satyavatî] two sons called DhritaRâshtra and Pându [with respectively Ambikâ and Ambâlikâ] and was [with Vicitravîrya's maidservant, see also 1: 13] also a son begotten named Vidura. (26) From his wife Gândhârî were of DhritaRâshtra a hundred sons born, o protector of man, of whom Duryodhana was the oldest, as well as one daughter called Duhs'alâ.

(27-28) Pându because of a curse had to restrain his sexual life, and so were the great [Pândava] heroes, the three sons headed by Yudhishthhira born from [his wife] Kuntî begotten by Dharma, Anila and Indra [not mentioning Karna brought forth by the sun-god]. Nakula and Sahadeva were in the womb of Mâdrî begotten by the two As'vins [Nâsatya and Dasra]. From these five brothers came [with Draupadî] five sons into this world: your uncles. (29) Yudhishthhira had Prativindhya, Bhîma had S'rutasena, from Arjuna came S'rutakîrti and from Nakula there was S'atânîka. (30-31) Sahadeva, o King, had S'rutakarmâ. There indeed were also other sons: from Yudhishthhira was there with Pauravî Devaka, Bhîma had Ghathotkaca with Hidimbâ and Sarvagata with Kâlî, and likewise had Sahadeva with Vijaya, the daughter of the Himalayan king [Pârvatî], Suhotra born from him. (32) Nakula had with Karenumatî a son named Naramitra and Arjuna had the son Irâvân from the womb of Ulupî [a Nâga-daughter] and the son Babhruvâhana with the princess of Manipura, who, although being his son, was adopted by the father-in-law.

(33) From Subhadrâ [Krishna's sister] was [by Arjuna] your father Abhimanyu born, he was a great hero who defeated all Atirathas ['those who can oppose a thousand charioteers']. And your good self took begotten by him birth from Uttarâ. (34) With the annihilation of the Kuru dynasty tried As'vatthâmâ also to put you to death with the heat of the brahmâstra weapon, but by the mercy of Lord Krishna were you saved from ending that way [see 1.8]. (35) All your sons, my best, with Janamejaya first, S'rutasena, Bhîmasena and Ugrasena - are all of great power. (36) Your eldest son, knowing that you died of Takshaka, will in great anger in a fire sacrifice offer all snakes. (37) Accepting Tura, the son of Kalasha, for his priest will he, having conquered each and every part of the world, be of sacrifice in as'vamedha offerings and be known as Turuga-medhashâth ['performer of many horse-sacrifices']. (38) S'atânîka, his son, will with Yâjñavalkya thoroughly study the three Vedas and the way to perform [cermonies] according the spiritual knowledge, realize the military art [from Kripâcârya] and will with S'aunaka achieve the transcendental. (39) Sahasrânîka his son will have as'vamedhaja for his son and from him will there be Asîmakrishna who will have a son named Nemicakra. (40) With Hastinâpura flooded by the river, will he [Nemicakra] duly live at Kaus'âmbî, whereafter from his son called Citraratha there will be the son S'uciratha. (41) From him will there also be a son: Vrishthimân from whom following there will be Sushena, an emperor. His son Sunîtha will have one called Nricakshu and from him there will be Sukhînala. (42) Pariplava will be his son and from Sunaya after him will there be Medhâvî; from him there will be Nripañjaya, he will have Dûrva and by him will Timi take birth. (43) Of Timi, we'll have Brihadratha of whom Sudâsa will have the son S'atânîka. S'atânîka will have a son named Durdamana and his son will be Mahînara. (44-45) Dandapâni, from him, will have Nimi from whom Kshemaka will take birth. With Kshemaka closing the row as the monarch will there be an end to this dynasty, this source of brahmins and kshatriyas respected by the seers and the godly in Kali-yuga. Next will there in the future be the kings of Mâgadha; let me tell you about them.

(46-48) The son of Sahadeva [born of Jarâsandha] will have Mârjâri for his son. S'rutas'ravâ will there be of him, Yutâyu will be his son and Niramitra after him will have Sunakshatra. Sunakshatra will beget Brihatsena and Karmajit from him will have Sutañjaya whose son Vipra will have one born called S'uci. Kshema thereafter born from him will have the son Suvrata from whom Dharmasûtra will appear. Sama his son will have Dyumatsena after whom next from Sumati, his son, Subala will take birth. (49) From Sunîtha [Subala's son] there will be Satyajit from whose son Vis'vajit there will be Ripuñjaya; and so will all the other kings in the line of Brihadratha for a thousands years in a row take birth.'

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SOURCE: Translation: Anand Aadhar Prabhu, http://bhagavata.org/

Production: the Filognostic Association of The Order of Time, with special thanks to Sakhya Devi Dasi for proofreading and correcting the manuscript. http://theorderoftime.com/info/guests-friends.html

The sourcetexts, illustrations and music to this translation one can find following the links from: http://bhagavata.org/