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Srimad Bhagavatam (Bhagavata Purana) :: Conto 1

Mahârâja Parîkchit Cursed by a Brahmin Boy

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Srimad Bhagavatam » Conto 1   

 Mahârâja Parîkchit Cursed by a Brahmin Boy

(1) Sûta said: "He [Parîkchit] who inrnthe womb of his mother was scorched by the weapon of the son of Drona,rndidn't die thanks to the mercy of the Supreme Lord S'rîrnKrishna whose actions are so wonderful. (2)rnCursed by a brahmin to die by a snake-bird, he was never overwhelmed byrnthe great fear of death because he had consciously surrendered himselfrnto the Supreme Lord. (3) After he hadrnleft behind all the ones surrounding him and had understood the actualrnposition of the Invincible One, hernas a disciple of the son of Vyâsa [S'ukadeva Gosvâmî] gave up his material body at the bank of thernGanges. (4) They who rememberingrnHis feet occupy themselves with His hymns and appreciate the nectarinernstories in which He is glorified, will not evenrnatrntherntimernofrntheirrndeathrn be confounded. (5) Even though he is present everywhere, thernpersonality of Kali cannot flourish as long as the mighty ruler, thernson of Abhimanyu, is the one who factually rules. (6) The moment the Supreme Lord left this earth,rnKali, he who promotes irreligion, appeared in this world. (7) The emperor who as a realist lived for thernessence was never envious of the personality of Kali. Like a bee goingrnfor the nectar, he knew that auspicious things lead to immediaternsuccess, while working for the inauspicious one never attains. (8) Kali, who in the eyes of the weaker onesrnappears to be a great power, is to the selfcontrolled a cause ofrnapprehension, and thusrnParîkchit as a tiger amongrnman was the one who among therncareless took care. (9) Upon your request I have related as good asrnall the stories that in relation to Vâsudeva can be told about the pious Parîkchit. (10) Thosernwhornwantrntorndevelop and provernthemselves should take notice of all and everything about the SupremernLord His wonders, transcendental qualities and uncommon deeds I spokernabout."
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(11) The sages said: "O Sûta, may you live arnlong, happy and particularly eternally famous life, because yournspeaking so nicely about Lord Krishna grant us mortals certainly thernnectar of eternity. (12) In thisrnperformance of sacrifice, of which the outcome is uncertain, we arernblack of the smoke, but by the pleasingrnofrnGovinda'srnfeetrn of your goodrnself we enjoy the nectar of a lotus flower. (13)rnAttaining higher worlds or liberation from matter, not even mentioningrnthe worldly benedictions of those who inevitably head for their death,rnis nothing compared to finding but for a moment one's perfect balancernin enjoying the company of a devotee of the Lord. (14)rnOnce having acquired the taste someone willrnnever get enough of relishing the nectar of the stories about therngreatest and only refuge among the living beings, He whoserntranscendental qualities  could never bernmeasured byrneven the greatest masters of mystic union like Lord Brahmâ andrnLord S'iva. (15) Be so kind o learned one to describe to usrnwho are eager to hear about it, His impartial transcendentalrnactivities, for He to the good self of you, our most important personrnin relation to the Supreme Lord, is the one and only shelter, therngreatest of the great. (16) EvidentlyrnParîkchit,rnasrnarnfirst-classrndevotee, attained the lotus feet ofrnHim who has Garuda in His banner, after hernhadrnstrengthened his intelligence with the knowledge that was voiced by thernson of Vyâsa in order to inform him about the path of liberation.rn (17) Please tell us therefore about the supremernand purifying that is so wonderfully contained in bhakti [devotion].rnDescribe to us, the way it was spoken to Parîkchit, thernactivities of the Unlimited One that are so particularly dear to thernpure devotees."
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(18) Sûta said: "See how we, this way beingrnconnected to the great ones in conversation,  despite of having arnmixed background, today clearly are promoted to take [a higher] birth [in thernspirit of the Lord]. By serving the ones who are advanced in knowledgernonernis quickly freed from the suffering that is a consequence of one'srnbeing born in a lower [material] sense. (19)rnAnd, again, what to say of those who exclusively take to the shelter ofrnthe great devotees and thereto chant the holy name of Him who is calledrnAnanta because of the fact that He is unlimited in His potency andrnunmeasurably great by His attributes? (20)rnTo give a description of Him unlimited in His attributes and equal tornnone, it suffices to say, that the Goddess of Fortune, with rejectingrnothers who asked for it, wished to serve in the dust of His feet, whilernHe Himself never asked for it. (21)rnWho else would be worth the position of carrying the name of SupremernLord besides Mukunda [Lord Krishna as the one granting liberation] fromrnwhose toenails the water [of the Ganges] collected byrnBrahmâjî emanated that via Lord S'iva purifies the wholernuniverse. (22) Those who are firmly attached to Him arerncapable of instantly leaving asidern the attachments of the grossrnbody and thernsubtle mind and go away to take shelter of the highest stage ofrnperfection [sannyâsa], the stage of life in whichrnnonviolence and renunciation is found. (23) Becausernyournwhornarernasrnstrong as the sun asked me for it I can give you anrnaccountrnof the knowledge I have acquired; it is in this matter as with thernbirds who fly as far as they can: I can enlighten you on Vishnu as farrnas my realization permits.rn
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(24-25) Once upon a time when Parîkchit wasrnhunting stags with bow and arrows, he got very fatigued, hungry andrnthirsty. Looking for a reservoir of water he entered the hermitage ofrnthe famous rishi S'amîka where he saw the sage silentlyrnsitting down with his eyes closed. (26)rnHaving restrained his sense organs, breath, mind and intelligence he,rnin quality equal to the Supreme Absolute,rnhad ceased all activity while he remained unaffected in trance elevatedrnabove the three modes of consciousness [wakefulness, dream andrnunconsciousness]. (27) He wasrncovered by his long, compressed hair as also by the skin of a stag. Thernking, whose palate was dry of thirst, asked for water. (28)rnNot being properly received with a place tornsit, water and nice words, he felt neglected and so he got angry. (29) Ornbrahmins, given the circumstance of beingrndistressed because of his hunger and thirst, his anger and hostilityrnagainst the brahmin was unprecedented. (30)rnHaving lost his respect he with the tip of his bow picked up a lifeless snake and placed it angry over the shoulder of thernsage as he left to return to his palace. (31)rnThere he wondered whether or not the sage's meditative state ofrnwithdrawing from the senses with closed eyes was a false, pretendedrntrance to remain in avoidance of seeing a lower ruler.
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(32) When the sage's son, who was arnvery powerful personality, heard of the grief the king had caused hisrnfather while he was playing with some kids, he said this: (33)rn'Just see how irreligious these rulers are! Enriching themselves likerncrows they defy what is settled for servants, while they are nothingrnbut dogs keeping watch at the door! (34)rnThe sons of the ruling class are to guard the learned like watchdogs -rnon what grounds would he who is supposed to stay at the door deserve itrnto enter the house of the master and eat from the same plate? (35)rnSince Krishna our protector, who is thernSupreme Lord and ruler of those upstarts, has departed, I shall todayrnpunish them myself, just witness my power!' (36)rnThus with eyes red-hot of anger speaking to his playmates, the son ofrnthe rishi touched the water of the Kaus'ika river andrndischarged the following thunderbolt of words: (37) 'Verily,rnseven days from now thernwretched one of the dynasty who offended my father will, because of breaking with thernetiquette,rnbernbitten by a snake-bird.' (38)rnWhen the boy thereafter returned to thernhermitage, he saw the snake over his father's shoulder and wept aloud over that sorry plight.
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(39) O S'aunaka, whenrnthe rishi heard his son crying in distress, he who was born inrnthe family of Angirâ slowly opened his eyes and saw the deadrnsnake on his shoulder. (40) Throwing itrnaside, he asked: 'My dear son, what are you crying about? Has someonernwronged you?' Thus being requested, the boy told him everything. (41)rnAfter hearing about the curse pronouncedrnagainst the king who should never have been condemned because he is thernbest among man,  he did not compliment his son, but lamentedrninstead: 'Alas! What a great sin you have committed yourself today inrnawarding such a heavy punishment for such an insignificant offense! (42) In factrnno one may ever place a transcendental man of God on the same footingrnwith common men - your command of intelligence is immature... by hisrnunsurpassable prowess his subjects rn completelyrnprotected enjoyrn thernprosperity. (43)rnO my boy, the Lord who carries the wheel of the chariot is representedrnby this monarch; once he is abolished, this world will be full ofrnthieves who immediately will vanquish the unprotected like they werernlambs. (44) Becausernof us negating the monarch, from this day on,rnthe reaction upon this sin will overtake us causing great socialrndisorder. The wealth will be taken by thieves and among the peoplernthere will be murder and molestation as also abuse of women and animals. (45)rnThe righteous civilization of human progress in the vocations andrnstages of life according the Vedic injunctions will at that timernsystematically be vanquished, and with the economy then only servingrnsense-gratification will result in an unwanted population on thernlevel of dogs and monkeys. (46) Thernprotector of thernreligion, the king, is a highly celebrated emperor, a direct, first-class devotee of the Lord and a saint ofrnnobility;rna greatrnperformer of horse sacrifices - and when he hungry and thirsty isrnstricken with fatigue he never deserves it to be cursed by us likernthis.'
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(47) Next the sage addressed the Supreme,rnAll-pervading Lordrnin order to beg His pardon for the great sin that by the child immaturernof intelligence was committed against a sinless, deserving andrnsubordinate one. (48)rn[He prayed:] 'Whether they are defamed,rncheated, cursed, disturbed, neglected or even when one of them isrnkilled, the forbearing devoteesrnof the Lord for certain never will avengernthemselvesrn forrnany of this.' (49)rnThusrnthe sage regretted the sin of his sonrnwhile hernpersonally didn't consider the king insulting him sinful. (50)rnGenerally the saints in this world prove themselves not distressed orrnhappy when they because of others are engaged in worldly duality,rnbecause they are situated in the transcendence of the soul."
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SOURCE: Translation: Anand Aadhar Prabhu, http://bhagavata.org/

Production: the Filognostic Association of The Order of Time, with special thanks to Sakhya Devi Dasi for proofreading and correcting the manuscript. http://theorderoftime.com/info/guests-friends.html

The sourcetexts, illustrations and music to this translation one can find following the links from: http://bhagavata.org/