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Srimad Bhagavatam (Bhagavata Purana) :: Conto 1

Punishment and Reward of Kali

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Srimad Bhagavatam » Conto 1   

 Punishment and Reward of Kali

(1) Sûta said: "There [at thernSarasvatî river] the king observed how a s'ûdra whornwas dressed like a king was beating a cow and a bull with a club, as ifrnthere was no one to protect them. (2)rnThe bull, that was as white as a lotus, terrified of being beaten byrnthe s'ûdra urinated and trembled out of fear, standing onrnone leg only. (3) The cow also, on itself a religious examplernbut now rendered poor and distressed because of the s'ûdrarnwho beat her legs, was without a calf and had tears in her eyes whilernshe in her weakness hankered for some grass to eat. (4)rnFrom his with gold embossed chariotrnParîkchit, well equipped with bow and arrows, asked with arnthundering voice: (5) 'Who are yournto think that you in this place can violently kill the helpless whornfall under my protection! As an actor you make a powerful appearancerndressed up like a God-conscious man, but you behave like someone whornnever saw the light of civilization [of being twice born]. (6) Dornyou think that because Lord Krishna andrnthe carrier of the bow the Gândîva [Arjuna] haverndisappeared from the scene, you can secretly beat an innocent cow?rnBeing a culprit that way you deserve it to be killed!'
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rn (7) 'And you', he said turning to the bull, 'arernyou just a bull that, as white as a lotus, moves on one leg and hasrnlost three legs or are you some demigod who in the form of a bull makesrnus sad? (8) Exceptrnfor the case of you having tears in your eyesrnbecausernof someone else, under the protection [of the arms] of any of the kingsrnof the Kuru dynasty there  has never been such grievance on earth. (9) rnOrnsonrnofrnSurabhirn[therncelestial cow], in my kingdom there will be nornlamentation and therefore do not fear the s'ûdra, andrndear mother cow, do not cry. As long as I am alive as the ruler andrnsubduer of the envious you will fare well! (10-11) O chasternone, he in whose state thernliving beings are terrified because of miscreants, will lose his fame, longevity, fortune andrngood birth. It is certainly the supreme duty of the kings to subdue inrnorder to put an end to the misery of the ones who suffer and thereforernI shall kill this most wretched man who is so violent with other livingrnbeings. (12) Who is the one who has cut your three legs,rno son of Surabhi? What happened to you has never happened before inrnthis royal state of kings who live in respect of Lord Krishna. (13) Ornbull, you are honest and without offenses,rntell me therefore about him who mutilated you and tarnished thernreputation of the sons of Prithâ. (14)rnThose who make the sinless suffer may fear me wherever they are, for Irnwill curb the actions of the miscreants and restore the welfare of thernones who are honest. (15) The upstartrnwho offends innocent living beings I shall forthwith defeat, whetherrnhe's a demigod from heaven with armor and decorations or not. (16) Itrnis certainly the holy duty of the head ofrnstate to always protect the ones who faithfully perform their duty and,rnsafely according the scriptures, chastise those in this world who havernstrayed from the path.'
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rn (17) The personality of religion said: 'All yournsaid speaking for the sake of the freedom from anxiety of those who arernsuffering is befitting for someone of the Pândava dynasty, therndynasty of which the qualities led Lord Krishna to behave like arnservant and such. (18) O greatestrnamong the human beings, because the person is bewildered as arnconsequence of all the differences of opinion, we cannot tell who [orrnwhat] would be the cause of all human suffering. (19) Somerndeclare in defiance of all duality that one suffers because of one'srnown actions, others speak of supernatural causes, while still othersrnsay that it is all due to the operation of material nature or thernconsequence of accepting outside authorities. (20) Some also conclude that it is a matter whichrndefies explanation and comprehension. Who of them would be right inrnthis matter o sage amongst the kings, is left to your own power ofrnjudgement.' "
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rn (21) Sûta said: "Parîkchit, whornattentively had followed what the personality of religion had to say, ornbest among the brahmins, mindfully replied. (22)rn'You o knower of the duties, o dharma in the form of a bull, speak thisrnway [of the unknown cause] only because you know that [just as it isrnwith a guru who pointing out the karma takes the karma upon him] he whornpoints out the wrongdoer ends up in the position of doing wrongrnhimself. (23) Inrnother words: the Lord His ways with the material world can not be putrnin words nor bernconceived by livingrnbeings. (24)rnPenance, cleanliness, compassion and truthfulness [tapas, s'auca,rndayâ, satya] are the legs that established the age of truthrn[Satya-yuga, the 'old days'], but because of irreligiosity three ofrnthemrnhave broken in conceit, clinging to intercourse and intoxication. (25) Atrnpresent, o personality of religion, you are hobbling along on the onernleg of truthfulness while quarrel personified [Kali] who flourishes onrndeceit, irreligiously tries to destroy that leg too. (26)rnThrough the actions of the Supreme Lord personally mother earth hasrnbeen relieved of a great burden. His all-auspicious footprints broughtrngood fortune everywhere. (27)rnLamenting with tears in her eyes the unfortunate and chaste one [motherrnearth] who was deserted by Him is now enjoyed by lower-class peoplernwho, devoid of the culture of learning, pose as rulers in my place.'
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(28) Thusrnthe personalities of religion and mother earth were pacified by therngreat warrior who took uprn his sharp sword in orderrnto kill Kali, the root cause of irreligion. (29)rnRealizing that the king wanted to kill him, Kali, stressed from thernfear, abandoned his royal atire and in full surrender bowed hisrnheadrndownrnatrnthernfeet.rn (30) Out ofrncompassion he who is kind to the poor and capable of handling worshiprnwith a smile refrained from killing the one who had fallen at the feetrnof the hero that he was, he, the hero of whom one says that he isrnworthy of being glorified. (31)rnThe king said: 'Do not fear, for you have surrendered yourself withrnfolded hands. We certainly inherited the fame of Arjuna, but thatrndoesn't mean that you can be allowed to stay in my kingdom. You are arnfriend of irreligion after all. (32)rnWith you physically present as a god of man, everywhere the irreligionrnof greed, falsehood, robbery, incivility, treachery, misfortune,rncheating, quarrel and vanity and all of that will be abound in thernmasses. (33) For that reason, o friend of irreligion, yourndo not deserve it to remain in the vicinity of those places where thernexperts of religion and the truth duly and expertly are of worship withrnsacrifices for the Lord of Sacrifices. (34)rnIn such sacrificial ceremonies the Supreme Personality of God, thernLord, is worshiped as the Soul of all worshipable deities. In that formrnHe spreads welfare, for He is the to all desiresrninviolable Supersoul who is present inside as well as outside, justrnlike the air is for all that moves and not moves.'
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rn (35) Sûta said: "That way being addressed byrnking Parîkchit, the personality of Kali seeing him ready with arnraised sword speaking like Yamarâja, the Lord of Death, trembled.rn (36) Kali said: 'Wherever I may live under yourrnorder, o Emperor, I will always have to face the reign of your bow andrnarrows. (37) Therefore please, o chief of the protectorsrnof the religion, allot me a place where I may count on a permanent stayrnunder your rule.' "
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rn (38) Sûta said: "Thus being petitioned, herngave Kali the permission to dwell in places where the four sinfulrnactivities of gambling, drinking, prostitution and animal slaughter [dyûtam,rnpânam,rnstriyah,rnsûnâ] were taking place. (39) Next tornthat  the master, upon his insistent begging, allotted him thernplace where there is gold, for gold by passion is thernfifth sin bringing falsity, intoxication, lust and enmity. (40)rnThus under the direction of the son of Uttarâ were the fiverndwelling places given to Kali where indeed irreligion is encouraged. (41) For that reason arnperson desiring his well-being should never resort to any of thesernplaces, especially not those persons who follow the path of liberation,rnthe royalty, the state officials and the teachers. (42) Byrnencouraging activitiesrnthat restored the bull's three lost legs of austerity, cleanliness andrncompassion, the earth [by KingrnParîkchit] was  perfectlyrnimproved. (43-44) The present rule wernhave of him; thernthrone that was handed over by the king, grandfather [Yudhishthhira]rnwhen he wished to withdraw into the forest. From that rule that sagernamong the kings and chief of the Kuru dynasty is now known inrnHastinâpura as the most fortunate and famous emperor. (45)rnBecause of this experience of the son of Abhimanyu the king, thanks to his rule over thernearth, you may all now have therninitiation of the performance of sacrifices like this one."

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SOURCE: Translation: Anand Aadhar Prabhu, http://bhagavata.org/

Production: the Filognostic Association of The Order of Time, with special thanks to Sakhya Devi Dasi for proofreading and correcting the manuscript. http://theorderoftime.com/info/guests-friends.html

The sourcetexts, illustrations and music to this translation one can find following the links from: http://bhagavata.org/