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Srimad Bhagavatam (Bhagavata Purana) :: Conto 9

The Dynasty of Bharata: the Story of Rantideva

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Srimad Bhagavatam » Conto 9   

 The Dynasty of Bharata: the Story of Rantideva

(1) The son of Vyâsadeva said: 'From Vitatha [the name of Bharadvâja because he was given to Bharata] his son Manyu there were Brihatkshatra, Jaya, Mahâvîrya, Nara and Garga. Of them had Nara the son Sankriti. (2) Sankriti had Guru and Rantideva, o scion of Pându; the glories of Rantideva are sung in this world and the next. (3-5) Living on what fate provided took he [Rantideva] pleasure in distributing to others whatever grain of food he had. Always penniless he with all his family members lived very sober and had to suffer a lot. One morning when forty-eight days had passed and he even was deprived of drinking water, it so happened that he received different foodstuffs, prepared with ghee and milk, and water. With the family all shaky of suffering thirst and hunger arrived that very moment a brahmin guest of Rantideva who also wanted to eat. (6) He, with great respect and faith conceiving the Lord as residing in each [see B.G. 5: 18], gave him his share of the food after which, having eaten, the twice-born one left from there. (7) Thereafter when he had divided the food for the family and just was about to eat arrived another one, a s'ûdra, whom he, remembering the Lord, gave the food allotted to him, the king. (8) With the s'ûdra gone arrived there another guest surrounded by dogs who said: 'O king, provide me with food for me and my hungry dogs!'

(9) He, the one in power, gave with great respect the dogs and their master whatever that remained of the food, honoring them with his obeisances. (10) Only the drinking water remained of the food and that also had to satisfy one out-caste who, arriving there when the king was about to drink, asked him: 'Please give me some water, even though I'm lowborn!'

(11) Hearing the pitiable words of him so very exhausted spoke he, deeply touched, out of compassion these nectarean words: (12) 'I do not desire from the Supreme Controller to attain the great of the eight perfections [siddhi's], nor do I ask for the cessation of a repeated birth; I accept all hardship in my stay among all the living beings so that they may become free from suffering. (13) I am freed fom all the hunger, thirst, fatigue and a shaky body, as also from the poverty, distress, lamentation, depression and bewilderment, with my handing over my water to maintain the life of this poor soul desiring to stay alive!' (14) Thus expressing himself gave he, that sober kindhearted ruler, although he of thirst was on the verge of death, the drinking water to the out-caste. (15) Then manifested before him the controllers of the three worlds, the gods who for those desiring the fruits bestow all results, themselves in their true identities because it [their previous appearances in the form of the brahmin, the man with the dogs, the s'ûdra and the outcaste] had all been creations of the illusory energy of Vishnu. (16) He being true with them as someone of no material aspirations for any benefit or possessions [see B.G. 7: 20] offered them his obeisances, concentrating in his mind upon Vâsudeva, the Supreme Lord as the ultimate goal. (17) Fixing his consciousness in fully taking shelter with the Supreme Controller was he without deviation willing to serve only, o King, and was the illusory energy of the three modes nothing but a dream to him [see also B.G 7: 14 and 9: 34]. (18) Those associating to the lead of him, all followers of Rantideva, became first-class yogi 's all devoted to Lord Nârâyana [see also B.G. 6: 47].

(19-20) From Garga [see verse 1] there was S'ini, from him appeared Gârgya, of whom despite of his kshatriya birth a whole line of brahmins originated. From Mahâvîrya there was Duritakshaya whose sons were named Trayyâruni, Kavi and Pushkarâruni. They in this line all achieved the position of brahmins. Hastî became Brihatkshatra's son who founded the city of Hastinâpura [now Delhi]. (21) Ajamîdha, Dvimîdha and Pûrumîdha became the sons of Hastî. Ajamîdha's descendants headed by Priyamedha were all twice-born. (22) From Ajamîdha there was Brihadishu, his son was Brihaddhanu, Brihatkâya came thereafter and his son was Jayadratha. (23) His son was Vis'ada of whom Syenajit was born and his sons were Rucirâs'va, Dridhahanu, Kâs'ya and Vatsa. (24) Rucirâs'va's son was Pâra, from Pâra was Prithusena born and a son called Nîpa, who managed to generate a hundred of them. (25) He in his wife Kritvî, who was the daughter of S'uka [not the one speaking this Bhâgavatam], begot Brahmâdatta, a yogi who in the womb of his wife Sarasvatî created a son called Vishvaksena. (26) By the instruction of the rishi Jaigîshavya was in the past by him [Vishvaksena] a description of yoga [a so-called tantra] compiled. He had a son Udaksena and from him there was Bhallâtha. These descendants were called the Brihadishus. (27) Yavînara born of Dvimîdha had Kritimân for his son and his son well known is SatyaDhriti whose son Dridhanemi was the father of Supârs'va. (28-29) Supârs'va had Sumati whose son Sannatimân had one called Kritî, who from Lord Brahmâ got the mystic power to teach in the past the six samhitâs of the Prâcyasâma verses [from the Sâma Veda]. Of him could Nîpa take his birth of whom Udgrâyudha was born and his son was Kshemya of whom next appeared Suvîra. From Suvîra was there Ripuñjaya. (30) The one from him was named Bahuratha. Pûrumîdha [the younger brother of Dvimîdha] was without a son. Of Ajamîdha took from the wife Nalinî Nîla his birth who then had S'ânti for his son. (31-33) S'ânti's son Sus'ânti had Pûruja, Arka was his son and from him was born Bharmyâs'va who had five sons with Mudgala as the eldest, followed by Yavînara, Brihadvis'va, Kâmpilla and Sañjaya. He prayed to them: 'My sons, if you're really capable, then take care of all the different states'. Thus received they the name the Pañcâlas [to the five states]. From Mudgala was there a line consisting of brahmins known as Maudgalya. (34) A non-identical twin, one male one female, was born from Mudgala, Bharmyâs'va's son. The boy was called Divodâsa and the girl was named Ahalyâ. From her marriage with Gautama was S'atânanda born [personalities also mentioned in the Ramâyana]. (35) Of him there was a son SatyaDhriti, an expert in archery, and of S'aradvân, his son, were, simply by him seeing Urvas'î of his semen falling on a clump of s'ara grass, a male and a female child born that were a great blessing. (36) During a hunt wandering in the forest saw King S'ântanu the twin whom he out of compassion took with him, naming the boy Kripa and the girl Kripî. She later became Dronâcârya's wife.

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SOURCE: Translation: Anand Aadhar Prabhu, http://bhagavata.org/

Production: the Filognostic Association of The Order of Time, with special thanks to Sakhya Devi Dasi for proofreading and correcting the manuscript. http://theorderoftime.com/info/guests-friends.html

The sourcetexts, illustrations and music to this translation one can find following the links from: http://bhagavata.org/