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Srimad Bhagavatam (Bhagavata Purana) :: Conto 6

The Progeny of the Daughters of Daksha

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Srimad Bhagavatam » Conto 6   

 The Progeny of the Daughters of Daksha

(1) S'rî S'uka said: 'The son of the Prâcetas thereafter [after he had cursed Nârada], pacified by Lord Brahmâ, begot at his kind request [to procreate again] in his wife Asiknî sixty daughters who were all very fond of their father. (2) Ten of them he gave to king Dharma [Yamarâja], Kas'yapa he gave thirteen, twenty-seven were given to the moon god and Bhûta, Angirâ and Kris'âs'va he gave each two. The four remaining he also gave to Kas'yapa. (3) Please hear from me all the different names of these women who with their many children and descendants populated the three worlds and from whom you and I are stemming.

(4) The wives of Yamarâja were Bhânu, Lambâ, Kakud, Yâmi, Vis'vâ, Sâdhyâ, Marutvatî, Vasu, Muhûrtâ and Sankalpâ. Now hear about their sons. (5) From Bhânu was born Deva-rishabha and from him was born Indrasena, o King. Vidyota ['lightning'] appeared from Lambâ and from him there was thunder [his children]. (6) From Kakud Sankatha appeared and from him there was the son named Kîkatha who fathered many protectors of earthly strongholds. Yâmi gave birth to Svarga from whose loins Nandi was born. (7) The [ten] Vis'vadevas were born from Vis'vâ, but it is said that from them there was no progeny. The Sâdhyas who were born from Sâdhyâ, had one son: Arthasiddhi. (8) Marutvân and Jayanta took birth from Marutvatî. Jayanta was an expansion of Vâsudeva and is also known as Upendra. (9) From Muhûrtâ ['forty-eight minutes'] the Mauhûrtikas were born, a group of [thirty] gods who took birth to present the living beings the result of their personal time-bound actions. (10-11) From Sankalpâ Sankalpa [the deity presiding over one's conviction] was born and from him Kâma [the god of love] appeared. Vasu gave birth to the eight Vasus. Now listen to their names: Drona, Prâna, Dhruva, Arka, Agni, Dosha, Vâstu and Vibhâvasu. From Drona's wife Abhimati sons appeared like Harsha, S'oka, Bhaya and more. (12) Ûrjasvatî the wife of Prâna gave birth to Saha, Âyus and Purojava. From Dhruva's wife Dharani the various [gods ruling over the] cities and towns were born. (13) From the wife of Arka, Vâsanâ there were the sons named Tarsha and so on and from Dhârâ the wife of the Vasu Agni there were the sons known as Dravinaka and so on.  (14) Krittikâ, another wife of Agni, gave birth to Skanda [Kârttikeya] whose sons were headed by Vis'âkha and from Dosha's wife S'arvarî the son S'is'umâra was born. He was an expansion of the Lord of Time [see 5.23]. (15) From Vâstu's wife Ângirasî the son Vis'vakarmâ [the great architect] was born who became the husband of Âkritî. From them was born the Manu named Câkshusha whose sons were the Vis'vadevas and Sâdhyas [see verse 7]. (16) Ûshâ the wife of Vibhâvasu gave birth to Vyushtha, Rocisha and Âtapa.  Âtapa then fathered Pañcayâma ['the span of the day'] who awakens the living beings to engage in material activities. (17-18) Sarûpâ, the wife of Bhûta, gave birth to the millions of Rudras headed by Raivata, Aja, Bhava, Bhîma, Vâma, Ugra, Vrishâkapi, Ajaikapât, Ahirbradhna, Bahurûpa and Mahân. Their associates, the ghastly ghosts and Vinâyakas [a type of demons, hobgoblins] originated from his other wife. (19) Prajâpati Angirâ's wife Svadhâ accepted the Pitâs for her sons and [his other wife] Satî accepted Atharvângirasa as her son who was the [fourth] Veda [the Atharva Veda] in person. (20) The wife of Kris'âs'va, Arcis gave birth to Dhûmaketu who in Dhishanâ begot the sons Vedas'irâ, Devala, Vayuna and Manu. (21-22) Kas'yapa [or Târkshya] had four wives: Vinatâ [Suparnâ], Kadrû, Patangî and Yâminî. From Patangî the birds originated, from Yâminî the locusts came and Vinatâ brought Garuda into existence - the one who is regarded the carrier of Yajña [Vishnu] - and Anûru [Aruna] the chariot driver of Sûrya, the god of the sun. From Kadrû there were the different kinds of serpents. (23) The wives of the moon god [Soma] were the [goddesses ruling the twenty-seven] lunar mansions named Krittikâ and so, but o son of Bharata, because Daksha had cursed him [for preferring Rohinî], he was pestered by a degenerative disease [consumption] and had no children with any of them. (24-26) Again pacifying him Soma in respect of the division of time managed to stop the decay [reducing it to the dark fortnight]. Now please take notice of all the names of the wives of Kas'yapa, the mothers from whom all the living beings of this entire universe were born: Aditi, Diti, Danu, Kâshthhâ, Arishthâ, Surasâ, Ilâ, Muni, Krodhavas'â, Tâmrâ, Surabhi, Saramâ and Timi. From Timi the aquatics appeared and the animals of prey were the children of Saramâ. (27) From Surabhi the buffalo found its existence as also the cows and other animals with cloven hooves o King. From Tâmrâ the eagles, the vultures and so on came into being and from Muni there were the different angels. (28) The reptiles such as the dandas'ûka snakes originated from Krodhavas'â, from Ilâ all the creepers and trees came and all the evil ones [like the demons and cannibals] were there from Surasâ. (29-31) From Arishthâ there were only Gandharvas and from Kâshthhâ there were the animals whose hooves are not split. From Danu there were sixty-one sons born; the ones important are: Dvimûrdhâ, S'ambara, Arishthâ, Hayagrîva, Vibhâvasu, Ayomukha, S'ankus'irâ, Svarbhânu, Kapila, Aruna, Pulomâ and Vrishaparvâ as also Ekacakra, Anutâpana, Dhûmrakes'a, Virûpâksha, Vipracitti and Durjaya. (32) Suprabhâ, the daughter of Svarbhânu married Namuci, but S'armishthhâ born from Vrishaparvâ went to Yayâti the powerful son of Nahusha. (33-36) There were four very beautiful daughters of Vais'vânara: Upadânavî, Hayas'irâ, Pulomâ and Kâlakâ. Hiranyâksha married Upadânavî and Kratu married Hayas'irâ o King, but when on the plea of Lord Brahmâ the two daughters Pulomâ and Kâlakâ of Vais'vânara married to the o so mighty prajâpati Kas'yapa, the Pauloma and Kâlakeya demons were born from them who were very keen on  fighting. When the sixty thousand of them [headed by Nivâtakavaca] were a disturbance to the sacrifices in the heavenly places, your grandfather [Arjuna] single-handedly killed them just to please Indra o King. (37) From Vipracitti's wife Simhikâ one hundred and one sons were born who all obtained a planet of their own: Râhu was the eldest and the hundred others were [called] the Ketus. (38-39) Now hear from me the chronological order of the dynasty that originated from Aditi, wherein Nârâyana, the One Almighty Lord, manifested as a plenary expansion of Himself [called Vâmana]. Vivasvân, Aryamâ, Pûshâ and Tvashthâ followed by Savitâ, Bhaga, Dhâtâ, Vidhâtâ, Varuna, Mitra, S'atru and Urukrama [were her twelve sons month by month consecutively presiding over the sun. Urukrama is the dwarf-incarnation Vâmana]. (40) The most fortunate Samjñâ, gave as the wife of Vivasvân birth to the Manu called S'râddhadeva as also to the twin the demigod Yamarâja and his sister Yamî [the river Yamunâ]. She appeared on earth in the form of a mare and gave birth to the As'vinî-kumâras. (41) Châyâ [another wife of the sun god] got from him the sons S'anais'cara [Saturn] and Sâvarni Manu as also a daughter named Tapatî who selected Samvarana for her husband. (42) Aryamâ's wife Mâtrikâ gave birth to many scholarly sons. It was from their [talents] that Lord Brahmâ created humanity [as we know it]. (43) Pûshâ remained childless living on dough only. He had broken his teeth because he had shown them when he had to laugh about the anger of Daksha [when he insulted Lord S'iva, see 4.5: 21, 4.7: 4]. (44) From the marriage between Tvashthâ and the girl called Racanâ who was a Daitya daughter, the two sons Sannives'a and the very powerful Vis'varûpa were born. (45) He [Vis'varûpa] was by the God-conscious ones, despite of being the son of a daughter of their enemies, accepted as their priest, after they were abandoned by their spiritual master Brihaspati because they had disrespected him.'

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SOURCE: Translation: Anand Aadhar Prabhu, http://bhagavata.org/

Production: the Filognostic Association of The Order of Time, with special thanks to Sakhya Devi Dasi for proofreading and correcting the manuscript. http://theorderoftime.com/info/guests-friends.html

The sourcetexts, illustrations and music to this translation one can find following the links from: http://bhagavata.org/