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Srimad Bhagavatam (Bhagavata Purana) :: Conto 9

The Yadu and Vrishni Dynasties, Prithâ and the Glory of Lord Krishna

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Srimad Bhagavatam » Conto 9   

 The Yadu and Vrishni Dynasties, Prithâ and the Glory of Lord Krishna

(1) S'rî S'uka said: 'In her [see 9.23: 35-38] begot Vidarbha [the son of the Yadu Jyâmagha] the two sons Kus'a and Kratha and a third one called Romapâda [also, see 9.23: 7-10] who was the favorite of the Vidarbha dynasty. (2) Romapâda's son was Babhru, from Babhru was Kriti born and from his son Us'ika there was Cedi [see also 9.22: 6] from whom Caidya [Damaghosha, 7.1: 18] and other protectors of man were born. (3-4) Of Kratha there was a son called Kunti, of whom Vrishni was born, from whom then Nirvriti took birth of whom the one named Das'ârha was born. From him there was a son Vyoma who begot Jîmûta who had Vikriti for his son of whom Bhîmaratha was born whose son Navaratha had Das'aratha. (5) Karambhi of S'akuni [Das'aratha's son] got a son Devarâta, his son was Devakshatra and after him there was Madhu who got Kuruvas'a who begot Anu. (6-8) From Pûruhotra, known as the son of Anu, there was Ayu, Ayu had Sâtvata for his son and Bhajamâna, Bhaji, Divya, Vrishni, Devâvridha, Andhaka and Mahâbhoja were the seven sons of Sâtvata, o worthy friend. From Bhajamâna there were with one wife the sons Nimloci, Kinkana and Dhrishthi, and with another one alike were there also the three sons of S'atâjit, Sahasrâjit and Ayutâjit, o master. (9) Of Devâvridha and his son Babhru there are, as we have heard from others and is still the same seen at present, two verses recited by the old generation: (10-11) 'Babhru, the best of all the humans and Devâvridha, the best among the godly - of the accord of these two have all the fourteen thousand sixty-five persons [who followed after them] achieved the eternal abode.' and: 'In the dynasty of Mahâbhoja was there from the association of the Bhoja kings of Babhru and Devâvridha only the more and more complete of the dharma'.

(12) Of Vrishni [born from Sâtvata] appeared the sons Sumitra and Yudhâjit, o subduer of the enemies. S'ini and Anamitra took birth from him [Yudhâjit] and from Anamitra appeared Nighna. (13) From Nighna came into existence the sons Satrâjita and Prasena. Another son of him was also called S'ini and his son was Satyaka. (14) Yuyudhâna there of Satyaka had Jaya and from him there was Kuni whose son was Yugandhara. Another son of Anamitra was Vrishni. (15) S'vaphalka and Citraratha were his sons. Begotten in Gândinî by S'vaphalka there was Akrûra, the eldest of twelve other most celebrated sons: (16-18) Âsanga, Sârameya and Mridura; Mriduvit, Giri, Dharmavriddha, Sukarmâ, Kshetropeksha and Arimardana; S'atrughna, Gandhamâda and Pratibâhu. To the twelve of them there was a sister named Sucârâ. Of Akrûra there are two sons named Devavân and Upadeva. Citraratha had, beginning with Prithu and Vidûratha, many sons known as the sons of Vrishni.

(19) Among Kukura, Bhajamâna, S'uci and Kambalabarhisha [sons of Andhaka see 6-8] had Kukura a son called Vahni from whom was born Vilomâ. (20) His son Kapotaromâ had Anu and his friend was Tumburu. Of Andhaka [Anu's son] there was Dundubhi from whom there was Avidyota who had a son named Punarvasu. (21-23) From him there were Âhuka and Âhukî, a son and a daughter, and of Âhuka there were the sons Devaka and Ugrasena. Devaka had four sons: Devavân, Upadeva, Sudeva and Devavardhana. There existed also seven daughters, o protector of man: S'ântidevâ, Upadevâ, S'rîdevâ, Devarakshitâ, Sahadevâ, Devakî and Dhritadevâ who was the eldest. Vasudeva [Krishna's father] married with them. (24) Kamsa, Sunâmâ, Nyagrodha, Kanka, S'anku, Suhû as also Râshthrapâla and next Dhrishthi and Tushthimân were Ugrasena's sons. (25) Ugrasena's daughters Kamsâ, Kamsavatî, Kankâ, S'ûrabhû and Râshtrapâlikâ became the wives of the younger brothers of Vasudeva.

(26) From S'ûra who was born to Vidûratha [the son of Citraratha of Vrishni] took a son called Bhajamâna his birth and from him there was S'ini who fathered the famous king Bhoja whose son is the celebrated Hridika. (27) Devamîdha, S'atadhanu and Kritavarmâ then were his sons. Of Devamîdha there was [another] S'ûra who had a wife named Mârishâ. (28-31) In her he begot ten sons: Vasudeva, Devabhâga, Devas'ravâ, Ânaka, Sriñjaya, S'yâmaka, Kanka, s'amîka, Vatsaka and Vrika. When Vasudeva took his birth was he by the godly welcomed with the sounds of kettledrums beaten. He is also called Ânakadundubhi for giving the Lord His place of birth. S'ûra's daughters Prithâ [the mother of Arjuna, Krishna's nephew and friend] and S'rutadevâ as also S'rutakîrti, S'rutas'ravâ and Râjâdhidevî were his five sisters. Father S'ûra delivered to a childless friend called Kunti, Prithâ who thus is also known as Kuntî.

(32) She received from Durvâsâ, whom she had pleased, the knowledge to call for any demigod. Just to examine that potency called she, the pious one, for the sun-god. (33) When she saw that very instant the godhead appearing before her, was she very surprised and said she: 'Please forgive me o godhead, please return, I only engaged to check out what it would do!'

(34) [The sun-god answered:] 'Not to be fruitless in your meeting with a godhead shall I give you to that a son in your womb and I'll arrange it so for you, o my beauty, that you will not be defiled.'

(35) Promising her this made the sun-god her pregnant and returned He to His heavenly abode.' Directly thereafter was a child born that was like a second sun-god. (36) Afraid of what the people might think did she greatly sorry forsake that child [Karna: 'into the ear'] letting it go in the water of the river [in a basket, see also 9.23: 13]; it was indeed your pious and chivalrous great-grandfather Pându who married her.

(37) From the marriage of S'rutadevâ [Kuntî's sister] with Vriddhas'armâ, the king of Karûsha, was then Dantavakra born. Dantavakra was the one who, cursed by the seven sages [originally by the Kumâras, see Jaya and Vijaya], became a son of Diti. (38) Dhrishthaketu, the king of Kekaya, married S'rutakîrti with whom he had five sons headed by Santardana. (39) Râjâdhidevî gave with Jayasena birth to sons [named Vinda and Anuvinda]. Damaghosha, the king of Cedi, then married S'rutas'ravâ. (40) S'is'upâla, whose birth I already described [7.1: 46; 7.10: 38], was her son. From Devabhâga [one of Vasudeva's brothers] were there with the wife Kamsâ, [the sons] Citraketu and Brihadbala. (41) From Devas'ravâ gave Kamsavatî birth to Suvîra and Ishumân; and by Kanka were Baka, Satyajit and Pûrujit begotten in Kankâ. (42) Sriñjaya with Râshtrapâlikâ begot sons headed by Vrisha and Durmarshana. S'yâmaka in S'ûrabhûmi begot Harikes'a and Hiranyâksha. (43) In Mis'rakes'î, a girl of heaven, were by Vatsaka begotten Vrika and other sons. Vrika gave his wife Durvâkshî sons with Taksha, Pushkara and S'âla as the first among them. (44) Sumitra and Arjunapâla as the eldest were then by s'amîka begotten in Sudâmanî. Ânaka with Karnikâ gave birth to Ritadhâmâ and Jaya as well.

(45) Pauravî, Rohinî, Bhadrâ, Madirâ, Rocanâ and Ilâ headed by Devakî were the wives [see also 21-23] there for Ânakadundubhi [Vasudeva]. (46) With Krita first were Bala, Gada, Sârana and Durmada, Vipula and Dhruva the sons that Vasudeva then begot in Rohinî. (47-48) Subhadrâ, Bhadrabâhu, Durmada and Bhadra were among the twelve sons headed by Bhûta who took birth from Pauravî. Nanda, Upananda, Kritaka, S'ûra and others were the sons of Madirâ, while Kaus'alyâ [Bhadrâ] gave birth to only one son named Kes'î. (49) From the one named Rocanâ were thereafter Hasta, Hemângada and others born. In Ilâ he begot the sons headed by Uruvalka who were the leading personalities of the Yadu dynasty. (50) Ânakadundubhi begot in Dhritadevâ one son: Viprishthha, while Pras'ama, Prasita and others were the sons of S'ântidevâ, o King. (51) Râjanya, Kalpa and Varsha and others were the first of the ten sons with Upadevâ and Vasu, Hamsa and Suvams'a and others were the six sons [Vasudeva had] with S'rîdevâ. (52) In Devarakshitâ he also achieved nine of them to be there with Gadâ as the first. In Sahadevâ begot Vasudeva eight sons. (53-55) They, with S'ruta and Pravara [or Pauvara] leading, were directly the dharma personified of the Vasus. Vasudeva begot in Devakî then eight highly qualified sons: Kîrtimân, Sushena, Bhadrasena, Riju, Sammardana, Bhadra and Sankarshana, the serpent controller. The eighth one that appeared from the two of them was the Lord in person [Krishna]; and what of [His sister] Subhadrâ, your so greatly fortunate grandmother, o King?

(56) Whenever and wherever there is a decline in the dharma and an increase of sinful activities, then, at that time, descends the Supreme Lord, the Controller Hari personally [see B.G. 4: 7]. (57) Apart from the Controller His compassion with the fallen souls is there no reason at all for His taking birth or acting either, o great leader; He's the One in the Beyond, the Witness who is the Supreme Self [see also B.G. 8: 4]. (58) Whatever He enacts through the material energy He does out of compassion in order to stop the [materialistic] reality of the birth, the duration and annihilation of the living entities and lead them back home, back to Godhead ['to meet with the true self', see B.G. 15: 7 and 13: 20-24]. (59) By the military power which at great expense by the, actually for leadership unfit, unenlightened rulers is set up in order to attack one another, He paves the way for diminishing their numbers [see also 1.11: 35, 3.3 and 7.9: 43]. (60) Even to the minds of the controllers of enlightenment [Brahmâ and S'iva] are the activities that by the Supreme Lord, the killer of Madhu, were performed with Sankarshana [Balarâma], beyond measure. (61) To dispell the darkness of the misery and lamentation of the ones to be born in this age of Kali, just to show the devotees His mercy, displayed He His pious activities. (62) In respect of this pleasing [the soul] with keeping one's ears to the truth and keeping oneself to the holy places is, with one's being in touch in hearing about the transcendental, the strong desire for fruitive activities destroyed forever. (63-64) He always endeavoring assisted by the praiseworthy Kurus, Sriñjayas and Pândavas, He together with the ones of Bhoja, Vrishni, Andhaka, Madhu, S'ûrasena and Das'ârha, He with His affectionate smiles, His instructions and His as magnanimous to consider heroic pastimes, pleased the human society with His personal form which is so attractive in every respect. (65) All men and women [of Vrindâvana] who to their satisfaction imbibed the sight of His face and forehead, so brilliantly decorated with the shark-shaped earrings in His beautiful ears; all who imbibe His smiles of enjoyment that to the eye are a never ending festival, are all angry with their own eyes for their blinking! [see also B.G. 7: 3] (66) After taking His birth left He His father's house to improve the position of Vraja [and Vrindâvana] by killing there many demons; He begot hundreds of sons accepting thousands of fine women for His wives and as the Supreme Person worshiped by many sacrifices expanded He Himself with the [householder] people with respect for the vedic rituals [see also B.G. 4: 8]. (67) He in the battle [of Kurukshetra] put an end to the great burden on this earth of Kuru personalities by arranging a quarrel among them; under His supervision were all the profit-minded rulers vanquished to the occasion of which He [to Arjuna] declared what in life would be the victory [see Gîtâ] and finally, after giving transcendental instructions unto Uddhava [see 3.2, 3.4: 29, eleventh canto], returned He to His heavenly abode.'   

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SOURCE: Translation: Anand Aadhar Prabhu, http://bhagavata.org/

Production: the Filognostic Association of The Order of Time, with special thanks to Sakhya Devi Dasi for proofreading and correcting the manuscript. http://theorderoftime.com/info/guests-friends.html

The sourcetexts, illustrations and music to this translation one can find following the links from: http://bhagavata.org/